Cordyline australis or a cabbage tree is a hardy, fast-growing, widely-branched tree in the family Laxmanniaceae. It is endemic to New Zealand, growing in a broad range of habitats, in forest margins, river banks, open spaces and near swamps. Cordyline australis is known to Maori as Ti kouka. In Britain, its common names include Torquay, Torbay palm, Manx palm, Dracaena palm and Cornish palm.
Cordyline australis grows up to 20 m tall, has a stout trunk (1.5-2 m in diameter) with many branches. The bark is pale to dark-gray, corky, persistent and fissured, and spongy to the touch. The thick, erect, light to dark green, sword-like leaves, up to 1 meter long, and 3-7 cm wide, are clustered and slightly drooping at the tips of the branches. Cordyline australis, with its tall, straight trunk and a dense rounded head of leaves, is a characteristic feature in gardens, parks and streets in New Zealand.
In spring and early summer, the fragrant white flowers are produced in a large, dense inflorescence, 60-100 cm long. Each inflorescence takes about two years to grow, so cabbage trees tend to flower heavily in alternative years, and a bumper flowering occurs every three to five years. Each inflorescence bears 5000 – 10000 sweetly-perfumed flowers, and may carry about 40000 seeds. Many insects, bellbirds, and stitchbirds are drawn to the nectar of the fragrant flowers. The fruit is a white berry 5-7 mm in diameter, a favorite food source for New Zealand pigeons and birds. The fruit of this tree has a shiny black seeds coated in phytomelan, just like a charcoal substance that protect the seeds from the digestion process in the gut of a bird.
The leaves of Cordyline australis are extracted for fibre which was valued for its strength and durability, especially in seawater. The fibre is used for making anchor ropes, cooking mats, baskets, fishing lines, waterproof rain capes and cloaks, sandals and leggings for protections when traveling in the South Island high country.
Cordyline australis is one of the most cultivated native trees in New Zealand. It is also a popular ornamental tree in Europe, Great Britain and the United States. Cordyline australis is easily grown from seed, from shoot, and from stem and trunk cuttings. It grows well in pots and tubs.
Numerous cultivars of Cordyline australis is a tree that has an attractive colouration where you can see pink stripes and leaves with the shades of green, yellow or red, are sold in New Zealand and around the world.
Yagrumo macho tree is a species of timber tree in the family Araliaceae, native to southern Mexico, the Greater Antilles, Central America, and South America. It is commercially known as mountain trumpet, morototo or matchwood because the wood is used to make match splints in several countries. It is also used as a substitute for certain grades of balsa.
Yagrumo macho is a perennial, medium-sized tree, growing 8-30 m tall, with a cylinder-shaped trunk that is staright and reaching 80 cm diameter at the base. The crown is small with ramification at the apex and sparingly branched. The bark is whitish with a smooth surface. The leaves are large, compound, alternate, 15-40 cm long, with long petioles 30-60 cm long. The leaves are dark green on the upper surface, brown red underneath. The small clusters of flowers are produced in panicled umbels, 20-60 cm long and broad. Each cluster consists of a few small, white flowers, 4.7 mm diameter. The fruit is a fleshy gray berry with a bloomed skin, 4-9 mm long and 6-12 mm broad, slightly flattened and contain 2 oblong, flat brown seeds, 4.7 mm long.
The timber is mostly used for general carpentry, interior construction, boxes, crates. matchsticks, matchboxes, and pulp for the paper-industry. On this site, treesurgeonsexperts.co.uk is taking care of your tree service is a duty and a responsibility that is of the utmost importance. Of course, not every service that promises to treat your arboreal concerns with expert advice and action can live up to your specific needs and goals. For the type of arboricultural planning and maintenance, you need a service that combines a wealth of knowledge and experience with a gentle and measured hand. That’s why for all of your arborist needs you should trust your planning and maintenance to experienced Level 5 arborists at Naturally Trees.